This top 10, inspired by the CAAWS resource, Leading the Way: Working with LGBT Athletes and Coaches, is based on the experiences of Canadian athletes and coaches. The resource aims to make sport a more welcoming place for those who identify as lesbian, gay, bisexual, trans, and two-spirited.

10. Understand your own beliefs and feelings about LGBTphobia, and recognize and act upon the important leadership role you play as a coach.

9. Describe acceptable behaviours, clarify disrespectful behaviours, and highlight behaviours that demonstrate an inclusive environment of openness and respect.

8. Act quickly to address LGBTphobic language, jokes, and actions that ridicule or put down LGBTQI2s people, or any group.

7. Be aware that other countries have strict laws about being LGBTQI2s. Take the time to know whether a country or city is safe for all team members.

6. Assume there are LGBTQI2s members involved with your team – either directly as athletes, coaches or training staff, or indirectly as family members or friends.

5. Make your support for LGBTQI2s team members visible and intentional, using LGBTQI2s inclusive language.

4. Become more familiar with LGBTQI2s issues in sport. Know what resources are available to assist those who are LGBTQI2s and may be struggling.

3. Make it clear that the LGBTQI2s athlete’s sexual orientation or gender identity will not alter how you treat them.

2. Make your support for the individual clear to the team. Foster an environment of openness and respect for all, allowing the team to follow your lead. Be open to speaking with athletes, coaches or other support staff who have questions or concerns, and be careful not to legitimize any homophobic attitudes or beliefs.

1. Allow the LGBTQI2s athlete to come to you with problems before making any interventions on their behalf. They may want to deal with it themselves.

Click here to access the full PDF resource, Leading the Way: Working with LGBTQI2s Athletes and Coaches.

Interested athletes, coaches and volunteer looking to learn more about LGBTQI2S inclusion in sport can visit the ViaSport website and download the comprehensive LGBTQI2S RESOURCE manual.